1. Mood Disorders
Mood disorders include an array of illnesses characterized by shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels. Mood disorders include major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder, among others. They often cause disability and, because they are linked to suicide, can be life-threatening. Major depression is the most common mood disorder. Between 7 and 10 percent of U.S. adults have at least one major depressive episode each year. Bipolar illness is less common, occurring at a rate of about 5 percent of U.S. adults.
2. Thought Disorders
A thought disorder may be a symptom of many mental disorders, but is most commonly associated with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia affects about 1 percent of adults in the U.S. People with schizophrenia may hear voices, or believe people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. They also may experience challenges with motivation, social relationships, and emotional expression. Schizophrenia now is thought to be a progressive illness, with worsening cognitive decline over time, fueling the hope that early diagnosis and treatment may improve long-term outcomes for individuals with schizophrenia.
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3. Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorders. An estimated 40 percent of U.S. adults experience an anxiety disorder in their lifetime. An anxiety include overwhelming feelings of panic and fear; uncontrollable obsessive thoughts; painful, intrusive memories; recurring nightmares; and physical symptoms such as feeling sick to your stomach, “butterflies” in your stomach, heart pounding, startling easily, and muscle tension. Insomnia often is the first symptom.
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WHATEVER THE DIAGNOSIS, recovery, including meaningful roles in social life, school and work, is possible, especially when people start treatment early and play a strong role in their own recovery process.